A cover letter should be—

  • ½–1 page long
  • between 250 to 400 words
  • three to five paragraphs

An infographic showing that a cover letter should be between ½ and 1 page long, 250–400 words long, and 3 to 5 paragraphs long.

Employers are busy people who haven’t got time to read long cover letters — 82% of employers want to see cover letters that are under one page long.

If you write more than that, employers will simply skip ahead to the next cover letter in their pile.

How to achieve the ideal cover letter length

Knowing what to include in a cover letter and how to appropriately format it is vital to reaching the ideal cover letter length.

1. Use correct cover letter formatting

Using standard cover letter formatting is essential.

Correct cover letter format includes—

  • using a good font for a cover letter, such as Calibri, Times New Roman, or HelveticaArial Narrow is perfect if you’re struggling to keep your cover letter on one page because it’s narrower than most fonts
  • setting your font size between 10.5 and 12 points
  • using single line spacing or 1.5 line spacing to neatly display your paragraphs
  • setting your margins to 2.5 cm — you can reduce your margins to 1.25 cm if you need to fit all of your information onto one page.

Remember to also leave space after your final paragraph for your sign-off — your signature and name

2. Use concise language

Space is a precious resource in a cover letter, so make sure every sentence has a purpose. Avoid using fancy language by keeping your cover letter direct and simple.

This is an example of a sentence that’s too wordy—

Example of a wordy sentence

Due to the complicated circumstances of my previous job, I often had to adapt to different situations which led me to develop the ability to work with all kinds of scenarios.

Here’s how you can make this sentence direct and simple:

Example of a concise sentence

My previous job taught me how to adapt to any circumstance.

Every word counts in a cover letter, so don’t use more words than necessary.

Here are two more strategies for writing more concise paragraphs:

Replace long phrases with shorter words

While phrases such as ‘due to the fact’, ‘provided that’, ‘as a result’, and ‘on the other hand’ sound elegant, they use valuable space. Consider using single-word alternatives instead.

For example, use ‘because’ instead of ‘due to the fact’, or ‘if’ rather than ‘provided that’.

Here are some more examples—

Concise alternatives for your cover letter

in order toto
on the basis ofbased on
in spite of the fact thatalthough
at the current timenow
on the other handhowever

Use the STAR method

The STAR method is an interview technique that you can also use on your cover letter to keep it short.

STAR stands for—

  1. situation
  2. task
  3. action
  4. result

When writing about your CV work experiences, consider problems you’ve faced, your responsibilities, how you handled them, and the results.

Learning how to write your cover letter with STAR statements will help you communicate your experience in detailed yet short sentences.

Here’s an example of an applicant’s STAR cover letter bullet point for a copywriting position—

  • Collaborated with the Marketing and Design team to address a sudden drop in Google rankings by rewriting 50+ pages of content to improve keyword rankings and page views, resulting in a 89% boost in page conversions and a 65% improvement in keyword rankings

3. Proofread your cover letter

Make sure you scrutinise your cover letter before submitting it because employers are on the lookout for grammar mistakes and typos. If it appears you haven’t put much thought into your cover letter, they may assume you won’t take the job seriously.

Ask a friend or relative to proofread your cover letter — having a fresh set of eyes to look for mistakes is always helpful.

Having another perspective or even taking a break and then looking through your cover letter again later can help you find ways to optimise your letter and catch mistakes.

While you should make use of grammar correcting tools like Grammarly and a spell checker, you should still read through your cover letter yourself to make sure no errors slipped through or your grammar correcting tools didn’t make any mistakes.

Cover letter length and structure

Writing a one-page cover letter means sticking to the traditional structure of a cover letter. Here’s what that looks like:

Your details and the recruiting manager’s at the top

Your name, desired job title, phone number, location, and email belong at the very top of your cover letter. Try to fit them on one or two lines to save space below:

A candidate's name, job title, and contact details in red on a white background.

Next, right-align the date, and switch back to left alignment for the employer’s address:

The recruiting manager's full address on a cover letter, with the date right aligned, and the employer's address left aligned.

If you need to save space, omit the full address, and just use the recruiting manager’s name and company above your cover letter greeting. After all, they already know their own address, phone number, and email—

A concise employer address on a cover letter, containing only the contact person, the company name, and branch name.

An opening paragraph

Keep your opening paragraph short by focusing on these elements—

  • The job you’re applying for
  • The company name (to show you’ve personalised your letter to the job ad)
  • Where you saw the job advert
  • A brief explanation of why you were inspired to apply
  • If you have work experience, how many years you have

Here’s an example of how to start a cover letter concisely—

The first paragraph of a cover letter, featuring ebony text on an ivory background.

Body paragraphs covering your skills, qualifications, and achievements

You can add 3–5 paragraphs that talk about your abilities, educational background, and prior work accomplishments depending on how much space you have.

To keep your cover letter concise, you don’t need to include everything in your work history except for the qualifications that employers are looking for in their job adverts.

So don’t waste precious space on information that has no connection to the position you’re applying for.

Take a look at this short cover letter example:

Example of a concise cover letter paragraph

I’m a professional driver with 4+ years of experience delivering food in the Greater London area. Familiarity with your delivery area and a spotless driving record makes me an ideal candidate for your delivery driver position. At my last job, I was known for quickly planning efficient routes for delivering multiple orders, and I haven’t received a lateness complaint in 3+ years. Also, I offer exceptional customer service skills, proven by a 98% customer satisfaction rating.

In a single paragraph of 76 words, this candidate clearly sets out what they can offer this delivery firm. So if you do use all three paragraphs, make it chock full of impressive achievements too.

Your final paragraph and interview request

The last paragraph should do 4 things—

  1. thank the reader for taking the time to review your application
  2. politely request an interview
  3. provide your contact details again so the recruiting manager doesn’t have to look for them
  4. state your availability for a phone call or interview

Here’s an example to show you how long the end of your cover letter should be:

Thank you for reviewing my application for the Cashier Operator role at Specsavers. I’d love to discuss the role during an interview. You can reach me on 07123 456 789 or at samantha.speed@mail.com. I’m available for interviews Monday to Friday after 14:00.

Your signature and typed name

After your final paragraph, use the correct signoff—

  • Yours faithfully,’ if you addressed your letter to a job title (e.g., Dear Recruiting Manager), ‘Dear Sir/Madam’, or ‘To Whom It May Concern’.
  • Yours sincerely,’ if you addressed your letter using a person’s name (e.g., Dear Mr Wong)

Then, either—

  • leave a line and type your name if you’re sending your cover letter electronically
  • leave several lines and type your name, then print out your cover letter and sign your name in the gap

Frequently asked questions about cover letter length

1. What should a cover letter include?

A cover letter should include a:

  • header with your name, job title, phone number, email address, and location
  • the date
  • the employer’s contact details
  • a greeting
  • an opening paragraph
  • 3–5 body paragraphs detailing your accomplishments and why you’re a good fit for the job
  • a final paragraph requesting an interview
  • a sign-off
  • your name

2. Does a cover letter have to be one page?

This question is courtesy of /u/47gc on Reddit.

Yes, a cover letter does have to be one page.

Recruiting managers only have time to read a one-page cover letter. A two-page cover letter is something they just don’t have the time to read.

The shorter your cover letter is, the easier it is for recruiting managers to read and understand. So when you’re writing your cover letter, try to write a short cover letter that describes your main achievements and explains why you’re the best candidate for the role.

3. Is it bad if I don’t include a cover letter?

Yes, it is bad if you don’t include a cover letter. Employers generally favour candidates who bothered to write a cover letter. They may not look at your application at all.

4. How many hours does it take to write a cover letter?

It can take many hours to write a cover letter. Speed up the process by—

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Written by

Samuel Johns

Samuel Johns is a Certified Professional Resume Writer (CPRW), recruiting manager, and lead career counsellor on the CV Genius team, with almost 5 years of experience in the career space. He has helped countless job hunters craft high-quality CVs and cover letters, exceed expectations at interviews, and obtain their dream jobs. Born and raised in County Durham in the beautiful North East of England, he graduated with a BA (Hons) in French Language and Literature from the University of Bristol in 2013 and has worked in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, London, Paris, and Taipei as a French–English translator. He’s determined to use his native English and fluent French skills to help UK and French candidates get the jobs they deserve. In addition to the British and French versions of CV Genius, Samuel’s job-hunt advice has been published on numerous websites, including Careers.org, the University of Warwick, the Enterprisers Project, and HR.com. If you’d like to collaborate, please reach out to Samuel through LinkedIn. Please note, we don’t accept guest posts and won’t reply to such requests.